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APTEI: BLAME: Flatulence, Tickling & WADs

APTEI: BLAME: Flatulence, Tickling & WADs

APTEI: BLAME: Flatulence, Tickling & WADs

This course includes
19:32 of Course Material (View)
Certificate of completion


About The Course

This free online physiotherapy course by Bahram Jam, founder of the Advanced Physical Therapy Education Institute (APTEI), discusses the relationship among three seemingly unrelated things - flatulence, tickling and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD).

A recent study identified that the level of disgust people feel upon smelling flatulence is based on whether the ’emissions’ are from them or others. The moment our nostrils sense the disgusting odour produced by someone else, we flip out, become angry, and may even resort to name-calling and physical violence. We apologize in advance for being crude, but why is it that when we are sitting on the toilet and having a bowel movement (which inevitably results in unpleasant odours) we don’t react in the same manner? Why do we not find our own odours as offensive? Why?

Theoretical answer: All our sensory organs have evolved to protect us from danger in order to maximize our chance of survival.

A foul odour signals the brain of the presence of potential danger as it poses more of disease risk. One can appreciate that evolutionary, there is no point in getting angry and defensive about your own flatulence, it would be illogical for the brain to do that. It would make every bowel movement a very unpleasant event- who would we shout at?!

The brain is constantly evaluating the “perceived threat” of input from the outside world. If there is a logical explanation for the odour, the brain ignores the threat. If there is a perceived threat, the brain magnifies it! Over millions of years, humans who steered clear of foul odours were more likely to stay healthy, survive and of course, reproduce. We can, therefore, conclude that your ancestors are to blame for your innate disgusted reaction by others flatulence.

Now how does flatulence odour relate to WADs?

Watch this 20-minute complimentary course to find out!

Who Is This Course For?

This online course is for all rehabilitation professionals, including physiotherapists/physical therapists, physiotherapy assistants, occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, chiropractors, athletic therapists, exercise therapists, kinesiologists among others.

What’s Included In This Online Healthcare Course?

  • 20 minutes of video lessons.
  • Lifetime access. You can return to this course at any time. If any material is updated or added, you will have access to the new content.
  • Certificate of completion. Once you've completed the course, you will receive a certificate for your professional portfolio.
  • Access to this course is through Embodia, and although some of the content, such as the workbook can be downloaded, the majority cannot. This is to protect the instructor’s material and to prevent the content from being shared freely on the Internet.
  • Embodia is mobile-friendly and can be accessed by phone, tablet, and computer.
  • There is no start date or completion date. You can complete the course at your own pace.


Contact us at and we will respond to your request within 2 business days.

The instructors
Bahram Jam (he/him)

Bahram is a physiotherapist and founder of the Advanced Physical Therapy Education Institute (APTEI). He's taught 1000+ continuing education courses to healthcare professionals across Canada & internationally.

He has instructed over one thousand post-graduate orthopaedic and pain science courses and has been a guest presenter at several physiotherapy and medical conferences across Canada and internationally.

His primary clinical approach is to identify relevant functional impairments and determine the best self-management strategy to maximize patient independence.

Course Material included in this course
  • BLAME: Flatulence, Tickling & WADs
  • BLAME: Flatulence, Tickling & WADs
  • Feedback
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